Sociologisk Forskning 54:1-2 (2017)
Numret finns tillgängligt via Digitala vetenskapliga arkivet:
|Redaktörerna har ordet||s 3|||Fulltext| |||DiVA||
|Medborgarskap och tillhörighet i migrationens tid – inledande reflektioner av temanumrets gästredaktörer ||s 5 |||Fulltext|
|Stigmatisering och rasism i det svenska migrationssamtalet och det diasporiska motståndet ||s 11 |||Fulltext|
Stigmatization and racism in the Swedish migration talk and the diasporic resistance
This article argues that the objectifying and stigmatizing characteristics ascribed to the refugee and immigrant populations in the current Swedish refugee debate and the existing discriminatory and racializing practices in Sweden should be analyzed far beyond the recent refugee problematic and the global terrorism related to the political Islam. This study upholds in that way that the practices of objectification, stigmatization, racialization and exclusion get strength from a broader and deeper political context. In this context, the existence of a race biological institute, the project of the Swedish folkhem and its cultural boundaries, the emergence of a systematic discrimination against refugees and immigrants since the mid-1980s and related acts of violence depict the outlines of a white and (mono)cultural Swedish ”imagined community” which disregards the power, dynamism and subjectivity of immigrant and refugee groups. In this respect, the notion of diaspora, which will be illustrated by the Kurdish diaspora in Sweden, constitutes an important platform of resistance as it claims the political recognition for other ethnicities than the native Swede.
Key Words: cultural racism, stigmatization, inclusion, exclusion, folkhem, Swedishness, diaspora, Kurdish diaspora
|Medborgarskapandets paradoxer: Medborgarskapspositioneringar i berättelser om tillhörighet i migrationens tid ||s 31 |||Fulltext|
Paradoxes of citizen formation: Citizenship positioning in stories about belonging in an era of migration
This article analyzes the formation of citizenship in today’s multi-ethnic Sweden with a particular focus on how migration renders visible existing citizenship ideals, defined in terms of similarity and difference on the basis of ethno-cultural background. Analysing three individual stories of women who have migrated to Sweden, with different biographies and stories of how they ended up in Sweden, the article focuses on negotiations of the boundaries and contents of citizenship in multi-ethnic Sweden. The point of departure for the analysis is a post-structuralist and discursive approach. In all, the stories address the crucial question of who should be included into the social community and on what conditions – and who should be left out? This particular question is also at the very centre of the political debate in today’s Europe. On the one hand, there are strong arguments about the ’death of multiculturalism’ and demands for new forms of ethno-culturally graduated citizenship – also in Sweden. On the other hand, in Sweden as well as in other European countries, claims for the development of a new and more inclusive societal community have been raised, expanding the rights of citizens to accommodating also those who have been excluded from them.
Key Words: migration, citizenship, exclusion, discourse, belonging
|Omsorg för dagen och fostran för en framtid: Irakiska mödrars strategier för att skapa tillhörighet i Sverige ||s 51 |||Fulltext|
Caring in the present and fostering for the future: Iraqi mothers’ reconstruction of belonging during resettlement in Sweden
The present study explores Iraqi women’s mothering strategies for protecting, nurturing, and training their child, as well as how they use different approaches to (re)construct feelings of belonging during the process of resettlement. It is qualitative in design and based on individual interviews as well as focus groups discussions with a total of 27 women. Narrative method has inspired the analysis. The results show a child-centred motherhood with everyday practices aimed at creating a sense of safety and belonging for the child. Belonging to the family is central. The child’s societal and future belonging is connected to educational achievement, with prospects of employment and upward mobility. Accordingly, the mothers apply strategies aimed at promoting such a life trajectory. However, aspirations for belonging in the future can sometimes conflict with belonging at the present. In addition, striving to create belonging for the child can be in conflict with the parents’ sense of belonging.
Key Words: mothering, immigrant motherhood, forced migration, resettlement, belonging
|Samlevnad som ideologi i migrationslagstiftningen ||s 69 |||Fulltext|
Cohabitation as ideology in migration law
In this study we study how homosexuality has legally gone from exclusion to inclusion in migration law and what ideological understandings that underpin this inclusion. The data corpus of the study consisted of the preparatory work concerning same-sex sexuality, cohabitation and migration. Data was coded for patterns concerning the public administrative understandings of same-sex sexuality as described in the preparatory works. The coding was theoretically driven by critical and Marxist approaches to ideology. Conducting a thematic analysis, four themes were identified in the data. The overall finding is that the preparatory works give precedence to sexuality in terms of disposition (läggning) when it is linked to identity and intensions to engage in a long-term relationship. This means that alternative sexual identities and practices not compatible with the ”heterosexual matrix” have been excluded from the ideological lens. The ideological focus in the preparatory works could be seen as a reflection of the capitalist system, where some social categories are viewed as desirable to include in a capitalist society.
Key Words: migration law, asylum, gay and lesbian, queer, Marxism
|”Främlingen” bland svensk ”Homo Academicus” ||s 91 |||Fulltext|
The ”stranger” among Swedish ”Homo Academicvs”
This paper is about individuals with immigrant background among the Swedish academic elite, i.e. those who have a PhD and work at Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to understand how factors other than academic qualifications, such as gender and a migrant background, may impact on the individual’s ability to get a job and pursue a successful career in Swedish higher education. The data used for this study is obtained from the Longitudinal Database of Education, Income and Occupation (LISA) administered by Statistics Sweden.When compared to the reference group (individuals born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), the results show that given the same work experience individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America are more likely to be unemployed.
Key Words: academic elite, immigrant background, recruitment, advancement, equal opportunities
|Vidarebosättning, Sverigeprogram och föreställningen om den ”passiva flyktingen” ||s 111 |||Fulltext|
Resettlement, Swedenprogram, and the notion of the "passive refugee"
This study analyzes discourses of refugees as manifested in a part of the Swedish resettlement work called the Swedenprogram. The aim of the programs is to, through dialogue, actively involve refugees in their resettlement. The program can be situated within an overall increased emphasis on activating refugees and asylum seekers in order for them to take responsibility for their integration. Video observations were carried out of nine Swedenprograms that were held in Kenya and Sudan. The information provided by the delegations is based on the notion of ideal citizen as active, responsible, and engaged in self-fulfillment. However, the study also shows that the information given to the youth positions them as potentially lacking these traits. The idea of the passive refugee permeates the information in different ways and includes a gender aspect. The study also shows how the youths navigate and sometimes resist the stereotype positioning of themselves.
Key Words: resettlement, activation, refugees, Sweden, youth
|Sociologförbundet har ordet: Sociologförbundets arbete med ämnes-/gymnasielärarutbildningen||s 133 |||Fulltext|
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|Redaktionens tack: Granskare 2013 - 2016||s 157 |||Fulltext|
Skapad av Snorri Karlsson 2017/03/31
Uppdaterad av Snorri Karlsson